Bioremediation and Biodegradation

Bioremediation is a term used in biotechnology which is helping in cleaning the environment. It’s a process in which the microorganisms or their enzymes are used to clean up environment which is contaminated. With the help of microorganisms certain compounds that are contaminating the environment are is one of the solutions that are used to reduce the pollution. There are 2 types of bioremediation:

·        In situ (the compounds are treated in the same place)

·        Ex situ (the compounds are treated at some other place)

In Biodegredation organic compounds are degraded or broken down with the help of microorganisms. The organic compound that is degraded is usually the animal and plant waste which is converted into certain elements that are returned to the environment and are used again usually by plants. The artificial compounds may also be bio degraded but these compounds must resemble the animal or plant waste or organic compounds. With the help of this biodegradation the elements or the nutrients are returned to the environment. It is a very important process. Usually the materials like certain plastics are manufactured focusing on the aspect that it should be biodegradable which can be degraded easily into simpler compounds.