Bio-Safety and Bioethics
National And International Level Biosafety Regulations In most of developing countries, biosafety regulation is still in its infancy. Appropriate biosafety regulations are one of the prerequisites for a successful transfer of biotechnology to and, among developing countries. Important issues in the debate on biotechnology regulation are the uplifting of field trials, systematising of regulations, and capacity development in developing countries. The regulation of biosafety is a tool for the safe deployment of biotechnology applications into the environment. It is rather a specialised form of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), focussing on the biological consequences of applying Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). As a part of EIA, the nature of the organism, the environment in which the organism is to be released, and the interaction of such species, with reference to intraspecific and interspecific are to be analysed. Field trials constitute a major part of the transgenic plants impact assessments, however, biosafety concerns all Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). TRIALS ON–FIELD Among several industrialized countries, biosafety regulations have been implemented since the mid 1980s; however, there are significant differences among some of these countries. Good experience has been established, both in the regulatory process as well as in analysing the environmental impact of transgenic crops through small demonstration trials.