Biomedical Engineering and Bio-Engineering
Biomedical engineering, or bioengineering, is the application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and health care. Bioengineers work with doctors, therapists and researchers to develop systems, equipment and devices in order to solve clinical problems.
Biomedical engineers have developed a number of life-enhancing and life-saving technologies. These include:
• Surgical devices and systems, such as robotic and laser surgery.
• Systems to monitor vital signs and blood chemistry.
• Implanted devices, such as insulin pumps, pacemakers and artificial organs.
• Imaging methods, such as ultrasound, X-rays, particle beams and magnetic resonance.
• Diagnostics, such as lab-on-a-chip and expert systems.
• Therapeutic equipment and devices, such as kidney dialysis and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
• Radiation therapy using particle beams and X-rays.
• Physical therapy devices, such as exercise equipment and wearable tech.