The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
For thousands of years, microorganisms have been used to supply products such as bread, beer and wine. A second phase of traditional microbial biotechnology began during World War I and resulted in the development of the acetone-butanol and glycerol fermentations, followed by processes yielding, for example, citric acid, vitamins and antibiotics. In the early 1970s, traditional industrial microbiology was merged with molecular biology to yield more than 40 biopharmaceutical products, such as erythropoietin, human growth hormone and interferons. Today, microbiology is a major participant in global industry, especially in the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries.
- Track 1-1Genome studies
- Track 1-2vaccines and better disease-diagnostic tools
- Track 1-3Improved microbial agents
- Track 1-4 Development of new industrial catalysts and fermentation organisms
- Track 1-5 Modifications of plant and animal pathogens
Genetic engineering is the manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology Principles. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species domains for the production of improved or novel organisms. Genetic engineering has applications in medicine, research, industry and agriculture and can be used on a wide range of plants, animals and microorganisms. Tissue engineering is the use of a integration of cells, engineering and materials principles, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues.
- Track 2-1Stem Cells
- Track 2-2Gene Therapy
- Track 2-3Tissue Engineering
- Track 2-4Cell Based Therapy
- Track 2-5Molecular Diagnostics
Biotechnology in medical or health care represents the complex of modern biological approaches in the field of healthcare research and industry. Medical Biotechnology methods are used primarily in pharmaceutical industry and modern clinical diagnostics. For the first time in the history of human Medical biotechnology is enabling the development and manufacturing of therapies for a number of rare diseases with a genetic origin. Although individually rare, collectively these diseases affect some 20-30 million individuals and their families with 70-80% having a genetic component requiring biotechnology as part of the solution.
· Therapeutic agents
· Recombinant blood products
· Monoclonal antibodies
· Agents used in gene therapies
· Molecular farming products
- Track 3-1Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing
- Track 3-2Diagnostics
- Track 3-3Pharmacogenomics, personalized medicine
- Track 3-4Microarray Technology
- Track 3-5Biomarkers
Biotechnology as the name indicates that based on technology the progression of biology. Nowadays the whole world relies on technologies, into that where biology is our Base of life, & when scientists are using technology in biology it is doing wonders. Biotechnology can be used in several fields and sectors. For example in medical therapy, in war-fields (Bio--weapons), In agricultural biology, in reproductive biology, in cell biology, in genetic engineering. There is endless ways in which biotechnology is being used. It is a great combination which actually has the ability to change the impossible into possible.
- Track 4-1Genetic engineering
- Track 4-2Synthetic Biology
- Track 4-3Production Biotechnology
- Track 4-4Drug Delivery
- Track 4-5Diagnostic Technologies
- Track 4-6Biological Pest Control
Nano biotechnology is the multidisciplinary subject which combines engineering principles and molecular biology. Nano biotechnology has the potentiality to create biological and biochemical materials and devices at molecular and atomic levels. It presents new class of multifunctional systems and devices for biological analysis with better sensitivity and much specificity. Nano biotechnology subsumes the application of the tools and processes of nanotechnology to control biological systems. The Nano biotechnology includes new techniques such as 3D imagining live cells, real-time imaging, and single molecule imaging bio analytical microarrays and biosensors and microfluidic devices. This discipline helps to indicate the subsume of biological research with various fields of nanotechnology. Concepts that are enhanced through Nano biology comprises: Nano devices (such as biological machines), nanoparticles, and Nano scale phenomena that available within the discipline of nanotechnology. This technical approach to biology allows scientists to envisage and create systems that can be used for biological research. Biologically inspired nanotechnology uses biological systems as the encourisation for technologies not yet created. However, as with nanotechnology and biotechnology, bio nanotechnology does have many potential ethical issues associated with it.
- Track 5-1Disease Diagnosis
- Track 5-2Biosensors
- Track 5-3Nanofabricated Devices
- Track 5-4DNA Nano biotechnology
- Track 5-5Lipid Nanotechnology
- Track 5-6Future prospects of Nano biotechnology
Pharmaceutical biotechnology is a comparatively new and growing field in which the principles of biotechnology are applied to the designing and production of drugs. Pharmaceutical companies manufacture and market drugs, livestock feed supplements, vitamins, and a host of other products. Consistently, Pharmaceutical companies are one of the most profitable industries in the U.S. with sales exceeding $320 billion per year.
- Track 6-1Bioinformatics
- Track 6-2Vaccines
- Track 6-3Protein Engineering
- Track 6-4Biomedical
- Track 6-5 Antibodies
- Track 7-1Bio printing
- Track 7-2Cell Cultivation
- Track 7-3Biological engineering uses molecular biology
- Track 7-4biomimetic
- Track 7-5metabolic engineering
- Track 7-6biological systems engineering
Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. Biomass is any organic material which has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may include wood, wood waste, straw, manure, sugarcane etc.
Bio-products are the application of plant-derived resources as an alternative to non-renewable matter. This sustainable approach considers the entire product life cycle from its agricultural origin to its overall renewability. Bio based innovation in the production and content of commonly used items assures consumers of improved environmental well-being without compromising product performance.
Some Benefits of Bio products
- a diversified and stable bio economy sector that strengthens overall economy
- farm diversification resulting from additional uses of agricultural feedstock
- development of new industries and products
- increased economic opportunities for rural communities
- reduced dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels
- reduced greenhouse gas emissions in the manufacture of some bio products, compared to petroleum-based equivalents
- increased safety for the environment, reduced toxicity and more biodegradability
- sustainable production of renewable feedstock
- potential production of inexpensive medicinal drugs and vaccines
- development of new drugs not available from traditional sources
- Track 8-1Bioresources
- Track 8-2Biochemicals
- Track 8-3Biomass
- Track 8-4 Biofact
- Track 8-5Biogas
- Track 8-6 Bioproducts engineering
Reproductive Biotechnology encompasses all current and anticipated uses of technology in human and animal reproduction, including assisted reproductive technology, contraception and others.
Efficient reproductive performance and monitoring are imperative for sustainability in any livestock production system, especially for milk, meat, draft, and replacement animals. In recent times, there has been increasing challenges for increasing productivity and disease with altering climate. These targets, thought to some extent, can be achieved by conventional reproduction techniques. Advent and use of modern reproductive technologies have opened many avenues to study, treat and manipulate the reproductive phenomenon both in vitro and in vivo to improve reproductive performance in various domestic species of livestock.
Various developments are- Semen Sexing, Sperm Encapsulation, Sperm Transcriptomics, Seminal Biomarkers, Ovum Pick Up (OPU), In Vitro Maturation, Fertilization and Culture (IVMFC), Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Embryo Transfer Technology (ETT), Embryo Cryopreservation, Embryo genomic, Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer, Stem Cell Technology, Transgenic.
- Track 9-1Superovulation
- Track 9-2Cloning
- Track 9-3ET Process
- Track 9-4Embryo Transfer
Agricultural biotechnology is the area of biotechnology involving applications to agriculture. Agricultural biotechnology has been practiced for a long time, as people have sought to improve agriculturally important organisms by selection and breeding. An example of traditional agricultural biotechnology is the development of disease-resistant wheat varieties by cross-breeding different wheat types until the desired disease resistance was present in a resulting new variety. Modern agricultural biotechnology improves crops in more targeted ways. The best known technique is genetic modification, but the term agricultural biotechnology (or green biotechnology) also covers such techniques as Marker Assisted Breeding, which increases the effectiveness of conventional breeding. Whatever the particular technology used, the crops may be destined for use for food, biomaterials or energy production. Genetic modification means that existing genes are modified or new genes included to give plant varieties desirable characteristics, such as resistance to certain pests or herbicides, or for vitamin fortification. Because only a few genes with known traits are transferred, GM methods are more targeted and faster than traditional breeding. Biotechnology has helped to increase crop productivity by introducing such qualities as disease resistance and increased drought tolerance to the crops. Plant biotechnology is the technique used to manipulate the plants for specific needs or requirement. In traditional process seed is the major source for germinating a new plant but the advance method is independent that combines multiple needs to get the required traits.
- Track 10-1Transgenic Plants and Crops
- Track 10-2Bioremediation
- Track 10-3Microbial Diversity
- Track 10-4Bio-monitoring
- Track 10-5Photosynthetic Microorganisms
- Track 10-6Translational Genomics and Genomics-assisted Breeding
- Track 10-7Cyanobacteria and Microalgae
Environmental biotechnology is biotechnology that is applied to and used to study the natural environment. Environmental biotechnology could also imply that one try to harness biological process for commercial uses and exploitation.
The International Society for Environmental Biotechnology defines environmental biotechnology as "the development, use and regulation of biological systems for remediation of contaminated environments (land, air, water), and for environment-friendly processes (green manufacturing technologies and sustainable development)
Environmental biotechnology, then, is all about the balance between the applications that provide for these and the implications of manipulating genetic material.
- Track 11-1Biopesticides
- Track 11-2Bio treatment of solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes
- Track 11-3Bioremediation
- Track 11-4Biomass production by exploiting biological processes
- Track 11-5Renewable energy generation
Bioremediation is a term used in biotechnology which is helping in cleaning the environment. It’s a process in which the microorganisms or their enzymes are used to clean up environment which is contaminated. With the help of microorganisms certain compounds that are contaminating the environment are degraded.it is one of the solutions that are used to reduce the pollution. There are 2 types of bioremediation:
· In situ (the compounds are treated in the same place)
· Ex situ (the compounds are treated at some other place)
In Biodegredation organic compounds are degraded or broken down with the help of microorganisms. The organic compound that is degraded is usually the animal and plant waste which is converted into certain elements that are returned to the environment and are used again usually by plants. The artificial compounds may also be bio degraded but these compounds must resemble the animal or plant waste or organic compounds. With the help of this biodegradation the elements or the nutrients are returned to the environment. It is a very important process. Usually the materials like certain plastics are manufactured focusing on the aspect that it should be biodegradable which can be degraded easily into simpler compounds.
- Track 12-1 Biostimulation
- Track 12-2 Rhizofiltration
- Track 12-3Aerobic Biodegradation
- Track 12-4Biodegradable polymers
- Track 12-5 Anaerobic Biodegradation
- Track 12-6Microbial degradation
- Track 12-7Landfill gas monitoring
- Track 12-8bioventing
- Track 12-9bioleaching
- Track 12-10composting
- Track 12-11 Bioaugmentation
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter. Burning biomass releases carbon emissions, around a quarter higher than burning coal, but has been classed as a "renewable" energy source in the EU and UN legal frameworks, because plants can be regrown. Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. Biomass is any organic material which has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy.
- Track 13-1Solid biomass
- Track 13-2Sewage biomass
- Track 13-3Electricity generation from biomass
- Track 13-4Electricity from electro genic micro-organisms
- Track 13-5Biofuel
- Track 13-6Carbon footprint
- Track 13-7Bio refinery
Bioprocess engineering is the discipline that puts biotechnology to work. Biotechnology involves using organisms, tissues, cells, or their molecular component
(1) to act on living things and
(2) to intervene in the workings of cells or the molecular components of cells, including their genetic material.
Biochemical manufacturing and bio separations have made it possible to purify products derived from biotechnology on a large scaleBiotechnology is defined by the tools used to practice it. By programming DNA and directing cellular machinery, we can obtain products that were unimaginable even 10 years ago. With biotechnology, we can direct the Nano scale machinery of living cells to produce self-contained factories that perform on a characteristic scale of one micron. To be useful to people, however, bio products and bioenergy must be produced in immense quantities. Genetic engineering, for example, is carried out at a molecular scale but is amplified through bioprocess engineering to transfer the technology from the test tube to the bottle through a sequence of integrated steps that generate, recover, purify and package the product (NRC, 1992). The challenge facing bioengineers is to redirect genetic and cellular machinery to make economically important molecules when the cells are placed in controlled environments. Engineers must design, build, and operate hardware and integrated systems that can multiply a cell’s output by a factor of one trillion, as well as recover and purify the products in a cost-effective manner. Bioprocess engineering is the next frontier.
- Track 14-1Biochemical engineering
- Track 14-2Design and development of equipment
- Track 14-3Bioprocess
- Track 14-4Processeing for the manufacturing of products such as agriculture, food, feed, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, chemicals, and polymers
- Track 14-5Downstream, bio process
- Track 14-6Upstream
Industrial or white biotechnology uses enzymes and micro-organisms to make bio based products in sectors such as chemicals, food and feed, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles and bioenergy. The application of industrial biotechnology has been proven to make significant contributions towards mitigating the impacts of climate change in these and other sectors. In addition to environmental benefits, biotechnology can improve industry’s performance and product value and, as the technology develops and matures, white biotechnology will yield more and more viable solutions for our environment. These innovative solutions bring added benefits for both our climate and our economy.
- Track 20-1Bio-fuels
- Track 20-2Energy Crops
- Track 20-3Industrial Enzymes
- Track 20-4Bioprocess Engineering and Optimization
- Track 20-5GM Foods
- Track 20-6Human Nutrition and Metabolism