Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine
Biomaterials are those materials which are usually made of multiple components that interact with biological system. Biomaterials are normally used in medical application like drug delivery, therapeutics, and diagnostics to replace a natural function. The most commonly used biomaterials are polymers. All biomaterials meet certain criteria and regulatory requirements before they can be qualified for use in medical applications. Biomaterial Science has a broad scope that covers the fundamental science of biomaterials through to their biomedical applications.
Regenerative medicine is the branch of medicine that develops methods to repair or replace damaged or diseased cells, organs or tissues. Regenerative medicine includes the generation and use of therapeutic stem cells, tissue engineering and the production of artificial organs. One of the greatest needs for regenerative therapy is in the field of whole organ replacement. The first bone marrow and solid-organ transplants were done years ago. But advances in developmental and cell biology, immunology, and other fields are new opportunities to refine existing regenerative therapies and develop new ones.